The Community

Huchuy Qosqo, the Quechua words for "small Cusco", is located northwest of the city of Cusco, in the heart of the Sacred Valley. About 70 families reside in the community, divided into three sectors; the top, known as Pucamarca; the middle part, called Huchuy Qosqo (where the Inca archaeological site of Huhcuy Qosqo is located); and the lower part or the valley, known as Villa Carmen.

Thanks to the distribution of land, the first Spaniards who arrived in Peru during the second half of the sixteenth century constructed farms for agriculture and livestock purposes. Since then, the territory of the current community Huchuy Qosqo, belonged to the Paucart'ica farm. Many generations of people worked there for free, being forced to work for the landowners. In return, they used to usufruct small plots for their benefit while residing in the upper part of the territory.

With the change of political and social situation in the 1970s in Peru, farmers became formal owners of the land, which meant the origin of the community of Huchuy Qosqo. At the same time the population began to concentrate on the middle part of the community. However, families faced serious problems such as the lack of social services, lack of access to education for children because of the remoteness, as well as health care, among many other needs that have afflicted them for more than 30 years. In the late twentieth century, the population decided to move into the Villa Carmen sector in order that families could have access to more services and better development opportunities.

The members of the community of Hucuy Qosqo, are raised in traditional values ​​such as "Munay", "Llankay", "Yachay" (the three forms of knowledge characteristic of the Andean worldview: emotional knowledge -Munay-, technical knowledge -Llankay- and intel·lectual knowledge -Yachay-).

Currently, the main activity of the inhabitants of Huchuy Qosqo consists of extensive rainfed agriculture, all along their territory. In the upper and middle parts of the community they grow: potatoes, "ollucos", beans, cereals, etc. and at the bottom part or valley they grow mainly corn and vegetables. Much of their production is used for local consumption, the other part is sold in local and regional markets. Women, mostly, are engaged in household activities, as well as farming and raising small animals.

In 2013, with the support of Planeterra Foundation, they launched the business community Parwa Restaurant, a business initiative of community-based tourism. All the benefits from the Community business are invested in social projects (health, education, food and nutrition, basic public services, etc.) and others that will increase local development and generate sustainable solutions for the territory .

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